Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods) ➔ Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods) ➔ Class Insecta (Insects) ➔ Order Diptera (True flies) ➔ Family Syrphidae (Hoverflies)

Myathropa florea (Linnaeus, 1758)

Totenkopfschwebfliege

  • Myathropa florea, female  467
    Myathropa florea (Linnaeus, 1758)  Totenkopfschwebfliege   
    Myathropa florea, female
    BG, Naturpark Zlatni Piassatzi; 2008-08-23 08:06:34
    Image number: 467
    female
    BG, Naturpark Zlatni Piassatzi
    2008-08-23 08:06:34

  • Myathropa florea, female  492
    Myathropa florea (Linnaeus, 1758)  Totenkopfschwebfliege   
    Myathropa florea, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2006-07-30 12:24:00
    Image number: 492
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2006-07-30 12:24:00

  • Myathropa florea, female  491
    Myathropa florea (Linnaeus, 1758)  Totenkopfschwebfliege   
    Myathropa florea, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2005-08-20 12:32:03
    Image number: 491
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2005-08-20 12:32:03

  • Myathropa florea, female  10363
    Myathropa florea (Linnaeus, 1758)  Totenkopfschwebfliege   
    Myathropa florea, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz; 2021-05-24 13:45:05
    Image number: 10363
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz
    2021-05-24 13:45:05

  • Myathropa florea, female  10364
    Myathropa florea (Linnaeus, 1758)  Totenkopfschwebfliege   
    Myathropa florea, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz; 2021-05-24 13:45:23
    Image number: 10364
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz
    2021-05-24 13:45:23

  • Myathropa florea, female  10365
    Myathropa florea (Linnaeus, 1758)  Totenkopfschwebfliege   
    Myathropa florea, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz; 2021-05-24 13:45:10
    Image number: 10365
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz
    2021-05-24 13:45:10

  • Myathropa florea, female  9096
    Myathropa florea (Linnaeus, 1758)  Totenkopfschwebfliege   
    Myathropa florea, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2019-08-01 13:34:41
    Image number: 9096
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2019-08-01 13:34:41

  • Myathropa florea, male  9097
    Myathropa florea (Linnaeus, 1758)  Totenkopfschwebfliege   
    Myathropa florea, male
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2019-08-08 12:37:20
    Image number: 9097
    male
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2019-08-08 12:37:20

  • Myathropa florea, male  9098
    Myathropa florea (Linnaeus, 1758)  Totenkopfschwebfliege   
    Myathropa florea, male
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2019-08-08 11:29:53
    Image number: 9098
    male
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2019-08-08 11:29:53

  • Myathropa florea, male  468
    Myathropa florea (Linnaeus, 1758)  Totenkopfschwebfliege   
    Myathropa florea, male
    BG, Naturpark Zlatni Piassatzi; 2008-09-04 15:20:56
    Image number: 468
    male
    BG, Naturpark Zlatni Piassatzi
    2008-09-04 15:20:56

  • Myathropa florea, male  490
    Myathropa florea (Linnaeus, 1758)  Totenkopfschwebfliege   
    Myathropa florea, male
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2007-06-17 11:08:43
    Image number: 490
    male
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2007-06-17 11:08:43


Classification:
Myathropa florea belongs to the subfamily Eristalinae, tribe Eristalini.
Distribution:
From Fennoscandia south to Iberia and the Mediterranean, the Canary Isles and North Africa; from Ireland eastwards through Eurasia to the Pacific coast.
Habitat:
In most types of deciduous forest; on humid pastures and in gardens.
Description:
Body length 10 - 14 mm; thorax velvety, short and densely haired with skull-like drawing; abdomen wide with large yellow spots; eyes hairy.
Biology:
Myathropa florea flies from April to Oktober with peaks in June and August. The adults visit the flowers of white umbelliferae, meadowsweet, morning glories, ivy, goldenrod, chestnuts, spindle trees, rhododendrons, elderberries, rowanberries and common snowball. They fly very fast and audible between flowering trees, often on the edge of forest streams. The males are often found in sunlit places in deciduous forests. They show territorial behavior and chase away other insects that approach their area. The females lay their eggs in water-logged places suited for the development of the larvae. Eggs deposited early in the year can develop into imagines in the same year. The development of the larvae can take a few months under favorable conditions, but also up to 2 or more years. The larvae live in water-filled cavities in rotting tree stumps, hollows between tree roots, at the junction between main branches and trunk, as well as in sap flows of deciduous and coniferous trees. They can also develop in wet cow dung and compost heaps. Myathropa florea overwinters as a larva. The aquatic larvae are also called rat tail larvae, as they have a long tail-like breathing tube at the body end.

References, further reading, links:
  1. Gerald Bothe: Bestimmungsschl├╝ssel f├╝r die Schwebfliegen (Diptera, Syrphidae) Deutschlands und der Niederlande, DJN, 1984, ISBN 3-923376-07-3
  2. M.C.D.Speight: Species Accounts of European Syrphidae (Diptera), Glasgow 2011, Syrph the Net, the database of European Syrphidae, vol. 65, 285 pp., Syrph the Net publications, Dublin.
  3. Menno Reemer, Willem Renema, Wouter van Steenis, Theo Zeegers, Aat Barendregt, John T. Smit, Mark P. van Veen, Jeroen van Steenis, Laurens van der Leij: De Nederlandse Zweefvliegen (Diptera: Syrphidae), Nederlandse Fauna 8, 2009.