Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods) ➔ Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods) ➔ Class Insecta (Insects) ➔ Order Diptera (True flies) ➔ Family Syrphidae (Hoverflies)

Xanthogramma pedissequum (Harris, 1776)

Späte Gelbrandschwebfliege

Synonyms and other combinations:

Doros decoratus Zetterstedt, 1843 | Scaeva flavicincta Gravenhorst, 1807 | Syrphus dives Rondani, 1857 | Syrphus ornatus Meigen, 1822 | Syrphus pulcher Meigen, 1835 | Xanthogramma bilobatum Szilady, 1940 | Xanthogramma flavifrons Szilady, 1940 | Xanthogramma flavipleura Coe, 1957 | Xanthogramma nigripes Szilady, 1940 | Xanthogramma nobilitatum Frey, 1946 |

  • Xanthogramma pedissequum, male  509
    Xanthogramma pedissequum (Harris, 1776)  Späte Gelbrandschwebfliege   
    Xanthogramma pedissequum, male
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz; 2009-06-06 12:39:43
    Image number: 509
    male
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz
    2009-06-06 12:39:43

  • Xanthogramma pedissequum, male  533
    Xanthogramma pedissequum (Harris, 1776)  Späte Gelbrandschwebfliege   
    Xanthogramma pedissequum, male
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2008-05-18 12:50:08
    Image number: 533
    male
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2008-05-18 12:50:08

  • Xanthogramma pedissequum, male  5452
    Xanthogramma pedissequum (Harris, 1776)  Späte Gelbrandschwebfliege   
    Xanthogramma pedissequum, male
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz; 2012-07-01 10:28:21
    Image number: 5452
    male
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz
    2012-07-01 10:28:21

  • Xanthogramma pedissequum, female  565
    Xanthogramma pedissequum (Harris, 1776)  Späte Gelbrandschwebfliege   
    Xanthogramma pedissequum, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz; 2005-08-06 14:04:40
    Image number: 565
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz
    2005-08-06 14:04:40

  • Xanthogramma pedissequum, female  566
    Xanthogramma pedissequum (Harris, 1776)  Späte Gelbrandschwebfliege   
    Xanthogramma pedissequum, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz; 2005-08-06 14:05:26
    Image number: 566
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz
    2005-08-06 14:05:26

  • Xanthogramma pedissequum, female  567
    Xanthogramma pedissequum (Harris, 1776)  Späte Gelbrandschwebfliege   
    Xanthogramma pedissequum, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2005-08-27 11:19:48
    Image number: 567
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2005-08-27 11:19:48

  • Xanthogramma pedissequum, female  734
    Xanthogramma pedissequum (Harris, 1776)  Späte Gelbrandschwebfliege   
    Xanthogramma pedissequum, female
    DE, Chemnitz; 2004-06-06 11:40:05
    Image number: 734
    female
    DE, Chemnitz
    2004-06-06 11:40:05

  • Xanthogramma pedissequum, female  911
    Xanthogramma pedissequum (Harris, 1776)  Späte Gelbrandschwebfliege   
    Xanthogramma pedissequum, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz; 2009-08-02 12:05:59
    Image number: 911
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz
    2009-08-02 12:05:59

  • Xanthogramma pedissequum, female  912
    Xanthogramma pedissequum (Harris, 1776)  Späte Gelbrandschwebfliege   
    Xanthogramma pedissequum, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz; 2009-08-02 12:07:18
    Image number: 912
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz
    2009-08-02 12:07:18

  • Xanthogramma pedissequum, female  913
    Xanthogramma pedissequum (Harris, 1776)  Späte Gelbrandschwebfliege   
    Xanthogramma pedissequum, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz; 2009-08-02 12:05:37
    Image number: 913
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz
    2009-08-02 12:05:37

  • Xanthogramma pedissequum, female  4843
    Xanthogramma pedissequum (Harris, 1776)  Späte Gelbrandschwebfliege   
    Xanthogramma pedissequum, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz; 2011-08-14 13:09:55
    Image number: 4843
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz
    2011-08-14 13:09:55


Classification:
Xanthogramma pedissequum belongs to the subfamily Syrphinae, tribe Syrphini.
Distribution:
Palaearctic: From Western Europe to Western Siberia; in Europe from southern Scandinavia to the Mediterranean and from Ireland to Russia.
Habitat:
Grassland with very different vegetation heights, gardens and parks, open areas along streams in thermophilous Quercus and mesophilous Fagus forest.
Description:
Body length 10 - 12 mm; eyes bald; thorax with yellow side stripes; abdomen oval, with 3 pairs of yellow spots on tergits 2 - 4; wide triangular spots on tergit 2; legs orange/yellow; hind femora and tibia with dark rings.
Similar species:
The similar looking Xanthogramma citrofasciatum has narrow yellow spots on the 2nd tergit.
Biology:
Xanthogramma pedissequum flies with a peak in July from May to September. Adults visit the flowers of umbelliferae, yellow compositae, euphorbia, hawthorn, elderberry and other plants from different families. The males hover in 1 - 3 m height between and close above the vegetation.
Larvae of Xanthogramma pedissequum were found in the nests of the Yellow Meadow Ant Lasius flavus and the Black Garden Ant Lasius niger. They are active in particular at night and feed on various species of root aphids, which are herded by the ants.

References, further reading, links:
  1. Pape T. & Thompson F.C. (eds) (2017). Systema Dipterorum (version 2.0, Jan 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2017 Annual Checklist (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds.). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2017. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-884X.
  2. Gerald Bothe: Bestimmungsschlüssel für die Schwebfliegen (Diptera, Syrphidae) Deutschlands und der Niederlande, DJN, 1984, ISBN 3-923376-07-3
  3. M.C.D.Speight: Species Accounts of European Syrphidae (Diptera), Glasgow 2011, Syrph the Net, the database of European Syrphidae, vol. 65, 285 pp., Syrph the Net publications, Dublin.
  4. Menno Reemer, Willem Renema, Wouter van Steenis, Theo Zeegers, Aat Barendregt, John T. Smit, Mark P. van Veen, Jeroen van Steenis, Laurens van der Leij: De Nederlandse Zweefvliegen (Diptera: Syrphidae), Nederlandse Fauna 8, 2009.
  5. Speight, M.C.D. & Sarthou, J.-P. (2014) StN keys for the identification of the European species of various genera of Syrphidae (Diptera) 2014 / Clés StN pour la détermination des espèces Européennes de plusieurs genres des Syrphidae (Diptères) 2014. Syrph the Net, the database of European Syrphidae, Vol. 80, 125 pp, Syrph the Net publications, Dublin