Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods) ➔ Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods) ➔ Class Insecta (Insects) ➔ Order Diptera (True flies) ➔ Family Syrphidae (Hoverflies)

Cheilosia variabilis (Panzer, 1798)

Gemeine Erzschwebfliege Figwort Cheilosia

Synonyms and other combinations:

Eristalis ater Fabricius, 1805 | Musca hortulana Scopoli, 1763 |

  • Cheilosia variabilis, male  628
    Cheilosia variabilis (Panzer, 1798)  Gemeine Erzschwebfliege  Figwort Cheilosia 
    Cheilosia variabilis, male
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2009-06-01 13:40:17
    Image number: 628
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2009-06-01 13:40:17

Cheilosia variabilis belongs to the subfamily Eristalinae, tribe Rhingiini.
Southern Fennoscandia south to Iberia; from Ireland eastwards through central and southern Europe (Italy, former Yugoslavia) into Bulgaria, Turkey and Russia as far as western Siberia. Also in North Africa (Morocco).
Humid/mesophilous deciduous and mixed forest, alluvial hardwood forest.
The 9 - 12 mm large Cheilosia variabilis has black legs (including the feet) and a scutellum with marginal bristles. The face and eyes are hairy, the antennae are black. The wings are tinted evenly brown.
Adults fly from April to September in two generations. They visit white umbellifers, Caltha, Cirsium, Euphorbia, Galium, Ranunculus, Rubus, Scrophularia nodosa and Sorbus aucuparia. The larvae have been found in the roots of Scrophularia nodosa and in the stalks of Scrophularia auriculata.

References, further reading, links:
  1. Pape T. & Thompson F.C. (eds) (2017). Systema Dipterorum (version 2.0, Jan 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2017 Annual Checklist (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds.). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-884X.
  2. Gerald Bothe: Bestimmungsschl├╝ssel f├╝r die Schwebfliegen (Diptera, Syrphidae) Deutschlands und der Niederlande, DJN, 1984, ISBN 3-923376-07-3
  3. M.C.D.Speight: Species Accounts of European Syrphidae (Diptera), Glasgow 2011, Syrph the Net, the database of European Syrphidae, vol. 65, 285 pp., Syrph the Net publications, Dublin.
  4. Menno Reemer, Willem Renema, Wouter van Steenis, Theo Zeegers, Aat Barendregt, John T. Smit, Mark P. van Veen, Jeroen van Steenis, Laurens van der Leij: De Nederlandse Zweefvliegen (Diptera: Syrphidae), Nederlandse Fauna 8, 2009.