Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods) ➔ Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods) ➔ Class Insecta (Insects) ➔ Order Diptera (True flies) ➔ Family Tephritidae (Fruit flies)

Xyphosia miliaria (Schrank, 1781)

Synonyms:

Musca arcuata Fabricius, 1781 | Oxyphora miliara Becker, 1905 | Trupanea sphaerocephali Schrank, 1803 | Trypeta meridionalis Costa, 1854 | Xyphosia balcanica Drensky, 1943 | Xyphosia cirsiorum Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 |

  • Xyphosia miliaria, female  862
    Xyphosia miliaria (Schrank, 1781)     
    Xyphosia miliaria, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Harthwald; 2005-06-26 14:09:27
    Image number: 862
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Harthwald
    2005-06-26 14:09:27

  • Xyphosia miliaria, female  863
    Xyphosia miliaria (Schrank, 1781)     
    Xyphosia miliaria, female
    DE, Chemnitz, Harthwald; 2005-06-26 14:07:24
    Image number: 863
    female
    DE, Chemnitz, Harthwald
    2005-06-26 14:07:24

  • Xyphosia miliaria, male  1067
    Xyphosia miliaria (Schrank, 1781)     
    Xyphosia miliaria, male
    DE, Chemnitz; 2003-06-07 11:46:51
    Image number: 1067
    male
    DE, Chemnitz
    2003-06-07 11:46:51

  • Xyphosia miliaria  4178
    Xyphosia miliaria (Schrank, 1781)     
    Xyphosia miliaria
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2010-06-26 12:01:21
    Image number: 4178

    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2010-06-26 12:01:21

  • Xyphosia miliaria, mating  8585
    Xyphosia miliaria (Schrank, 1781)     
    Xyphosia miliaria, mating
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz; 2018-05-28 11:34:59
    Image number: 8585
    mating
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz
    2018-05-28 11:34:59


Classification:
Xyphosia miliaria belongs to the subfamily Tephritinae, tribe Xyphosiini.
Distribution:
In large parts of Europe, common species.
Habitat:
Preferred in forest areas, in semi-shady, rather humid places.
Description:
The orange-yellow colored fly has a body length of 4 - 6 mm. The wings are strikingly patterned. Males and females can be easily distinguished by looking at the abdomen. This ends in the females with a ovipositor. The rounded abdomen of the males appears shorter.
Biology:
Xyphosia miliaria flies from the end of May to September.
The larvae develop in the flower heads of thistles. They often live on field thistle (Cirsium arvense), but also on marsh thistle (Cirsium palustre), common thistle (Cirsium vulgare) and other species.

References, further reading, links:
  1. Pape T. & Thompson F.C. (eds) (2017). Systema Dipterorum (version 2.0, Jan 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2017 Annual Checklist (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds.). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2017. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-884X.
  2. Michael Drees: Die Bohr- und Schmuckfliegen des Raumes Hagen (Diptera: Tephritidae, Ulidiidae, Platystomatidae), Entomologische Zeitschrift, Schwanfeld, 126 (1) 2016, S. 47-57.