Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods) ➔ Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods) ➔ Class Insecta (Insects) ➔ Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and moths) ➔ Family Crambidae (Grass moths, tussock moths)

Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)

Nesselzünsler Mother of Pearl

Synonyms:

Phalaena ruralis Scopoli, 1763 [original combination] | Pleuroptya ruralis (Scopoli, 1763) | Botys ruralis (Scopoli, 1763) | Syllepta ruralis (Scopoli, 1763) | Sylepta ruralis (Scopoli, 1763) |

  • Patania ruralis  1592
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2006-08-12 10:38:13
    Image number: 1592

    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2006-08-12 10:38:13

  • Patania ruralis  1593
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2006-08-05 11:32:44
    Image number: 1593

    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2006-08-05 11:32:44

  • Patania ruralis  1594
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2006-07-15 11:34:01
    Image number: 1594

    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2006-07-15 11:34:01

  • Patania ruralis  1754
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis
    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald; 2005-08-27 15:08:37
    Image number: 1754

    DE, Chemnitz, Zeisigwald
    2005-08-27 15:08:37

  • Patania ruralis  1755
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis
    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz; 2005-08-17 17:34:27
    Image number: 1755

    DE, Chemnitz, Hutholz
    2005-08-17 17:34:27

  • Patania ruralis  8341
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark; 2018-06-19 16:58:28
    Image number: 8341

    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark
    2018-06-19 16:58:28

  • Patania ruralis, pupa  8342
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis, pupa
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark; 2018-06-20 13:03:27
    Image number: 8342
    pupa
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark
    2018-06-20 13:03:27

  • Patania ruralis, pupa  8343
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis, pupa
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark; 2018-06-20 12:59:46
    Image number: 8343
    pupa
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark
    2018-06-20 12:59:46

  • Patania ruralis, pupa  8344
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis, pupa
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark; 2018-06-20 13:00:19
    Image number: 8344
    pupa
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark
    2018-06-20 13:00:19

  • Patania ruralis, exuvia  8345
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis, exuvia
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark; 2018-06-25 13:10:27
    Image number: 8345
    exuvia
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark
    2018-06-25 13:10:27

  • Patania ruralis, male  8346
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis, male
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark; 2018-06-25 11:00:48
    Image number: 8346
    male
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark
    2018-06-25 11:00:48

  • Patania ruralis, male  8347
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis, male
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark; 2018-06-25 10:53:45
    Image number: 8347
    male
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark
    2018-06-25 10:53:45

  • Patania ruralis, male  8348
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis, male
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark; 2018-06-25 10:56:30
    Image number: 8348
    male
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark
    2018-06-25 10:56:30

  • Patania ruralis  8349
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark; 2018-06-19 16:16:14
    Image number: 8349

    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark
    2018-06-19 16:16:14

  • Patania ruralis, pupa  8350
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis, pupa
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark; 2018-06-20 13:05:19
    Image number: 8350
    pupa
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark
    2018-06-20 13:05:19

  • Patania ruralis, male  8351
    Patania ruralis (Scopoli, 1763)  Nesselzünsler  Mother of Pearl 
    Patania ruralis, male
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark; 2018-06-26 09:31:29
    Image number: 8351
    male
    DE, Chemnitz, Stadtpark
    2018-06-26 09:31:29


Classification:
Patania ruralis belongs to the subfamily Spilomelinae.
Distribution:
Europe, in parts of Asia.
Habitat:
Edges of forests, roadsides, meadows, everywhere where the host plants of the caterpillars (stinging nettle, hops...) grow.
Description:
The Mother of Pearl Patania ruralis has a wingspan of 26 - 40 mm. The front and back wings of the pearlescent shining moth show a characteristic pattern with brownish, wavy transverse lines.
Biology:
Patania ruralis forms 2 generations per year and flies from June to September. The moths are mainly nocturnal, but can also be found during the day. The main food plant of the caterpillars of the Mother of Pearl is the stinging nettle (Urtica dioica). Other well-known host plants are hops (Humulus lupulus), meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria) and upright pellitory (Parietaria officinalis). The caterpillars live in folded, spun leaves of the host plants and also use this shelter for pupation. Patania ruralis hibernates as a caterpillar.
Natural enemies:
The caterpillars of Patania ruralis are parasitized by tachinid flies (Tachinidae). Known endoparasitoids are the larvae of Meigenia mutabilis, Nemorilla floralis, Phryxe nemea und Pseudoperichaeta nigrolineata. Other parasitoids can be found in the Ichneumonids, Braconids and Chalcidoids.
Note:
I found the two 17 mm long pupae in stinging nettle leaves spun together. After opening the leaves shelter, the 2nd pupa moved wildly back and forth and resisted removal. It took quite a while until it calmed down again. After about a week, two male moths hatched on two consecutive days.

References, further reading, links:
  1. Bestimmungshilfe des Lepiforums